Associations are typically required to carry Directors and Officers (D&O) insurance to protect their Board members and officers from exposure to monetary and non-monetary complaints and claims – they’re volunteers, but the decisions they make impact both their associations and fellow homeowners. D&O insurance protects Board members and officers – as well as their spouses, committee members, volunteers, staff members, managing agent and property management firm – from any allegations or lawsuits resulting from the decisions they make while in service to the association.
While many associations carry D&O insurance policies, they may not be aware these are “claims-made” policies, not “occurrence” policies. What’s the difference? Many liability policies are occurrence policies, which means they provide coverage for accidents or incidents that occur during the policy period. Not so with D&O policies. These are claims-made policies, so they typically cover claims that are made while the policy is in force, regardless of when the incident or conduct may have taken place.
“People don’t always come forward right after an incident occurs – sometimes they wait and file a claim at a much later date, sometimes right before their state’s statute of limitations expires,” says Jamie George, Insurance Product Manager for the West/Texas regions of FS Insurance Brokers. She explains that if an association has a D&O policy in place when the claim is filed, it covers the action of its officers and Board members – past, present and future – from previous and future acts.
George also notes that a good insurance broker will add a retroactive date and/or Full Prior Acts clause to your D&O policy – ideally, dating back to when the association was incorporated. This will provide coverage for all incidents from that date forward, even if the policy is purchased at a later date. If your policy doesn’t include one or both, ask your broker to make that change.
Some associations believe that umbrella policies provide an added level of coverage for both property insurance and liability insurance – well, they’re half right.
First, let’s get some terms straight. Property insurance covers the community’s tangible assets, such as residential buildings and their contents (but not inside the walls of individual units), clubhouses, swimming pools, tennis courts, gates, sidewalks, streets, trees and other common elements.
Liability Insurance covers third-party claims arising from alleged bodily injury or property damage to members of the public – or as George succinctly describes it, “blood, guts and broken stuff.”
For community association insurance policies, umbrella policies “sit on top of” general liability and D&O liability policies (in other industries, they don’t always cover D&O). They provide an extra layer of coverage, kicking in to plug liability gaps when the primary liability limits have been exhausted. In fact, some insurance brokers offer umbrella programs developed specifically for community associations. “These tailored programs are excellent solution for associations to buy extra liability coverage at low cost,” says Kent.
However, umbrella policies provide additional coverage strictly for liability policies, not property insurance – but some associations mistakenly believe they cover both. They may think they can save money by purchasing a basic level of property insurance coverage – after all, won’t their umbrella policy cover larger claims, if necessary? Unfortunately, it won’t. Therefore, it’s very important to be sure your association has adequate property insurance coverage from the get-go – an insurance broker with association experience can ensure your coverage complies with your governing documents and is sufficient to meet your needs.
Many associations erroneously believe that their property insurance will cover damage or loss to their on-site structures, but that’s not always the case. If your community was built many years ago, its buildings may not meet current building codes – and if buildings sustain complete or partial damage, your property insurance will only cover the costs of rebuilding them to the original standards. Therefore, it stands to reason that the older the buildings, the greater the exposure for loss caused by the requirement to meet enhanced building codes.
What’s the solution? Building ordinance and law coverage. This type of insurance coverage comes into play when an older building is damaged and requires reconstruction. If the building was built according to obsolete safety standards, it must not only be repaired, but also be brought up to current city building codes – for example, replacing and upgrading older electrical, plumbing and/or HVAC systems, new engineering and design, or installing sprinklers and other fire safety measures.
If the costs of rebuilding to comply with current codes are higher than reconstructing to the old standards – and they almost always are – building ordinance and law coverage will fill this gap. But what many associations don’t realize that the only way to ensure complete coverage is to have all three parts – A, B and C – in force. Here’s an overview:
Coverage A – Loss to the Undamaged Portion of the Building. Some local building ordinances require that buildings sustaining a specified percentage of damage (typically 50%) be demolished and rebuilt to meet current codes. So even though a building may only be partially damaged, Coverage A treats the claim as a total loss and pays the association accordingly.
Coverage B – Demolition. Continuing the scenario above, Coverage B covers the costs of demolishing the undamaged portions of the building and hauling away the debris.
Coverage C – Increased Cost of Construction. If building codes have changed since the time the building was originally constructed, Coverage C pays for the increased costs of bringing the reconstructed building up to current codes – for example, installing a fire sprinkler system throughout the building after a major fire.
George saw this firsthand with a new association client – a community originally built in the 1960s that did not have ordinance and law coverage through its previous insurance agent. The community clubhouse was badly damaged by fire, but the association’s property insurance did not cover the much higher expenses to demolish the damaged structure, remove the debris and reconstruct the clubhouse to comply with current civil codes. The outcome? They could not rebuild.
Some associations believe that if they don’t have regular employees, they don’t need workers’ comp insurance. Actually, they do. Worker’s comp protects the association if a hired contractor or casual laborer is injured on the job and does not carry insurance at all. For this reason, its very important to obtain certificates of insurance for all vendors and contractors in advance. In addition, most workers compensation policies can be endorsed to include coverage for volunteers who sustain injuries on site. In fact, if a community is professionally managed, its property management contract will almost always require that it purchases workers’ comp insurance.
“Just because an association doesn’t have payroll doesn’t mean they don’t have the exposure,” said Kent.
Community insurance for your association can sometimes seem complicated and confusing to Board members, but having the right policies in place – and the right insurance broker – can protect you and your association from risk and exposure.
Review your policies frequently with your insurance agent and reach out to him or her any time you have a question or concern. And for more information about community association insurance, visit FirstService Financial.