Event Discussion: Strata Collections
Numerous Council Members representing 18 different Strata Corporations in the neighbourhood attended the event and enjoyed a lively discussion with guest speakers.
The following is a general summary of discussion points from the event:
- The amended Limitation Act came into effect on June 1, 2013 and has decreased the limitation period for debt claims from 6 years to 2 years.
- Once the debtor acknowledges a particular debt, the limitation period resets from the date of acknowledgement. Acknowledgement is not always clearly identified.
- It was recommended that Councils stay active in their collection efforts.
- Generic information from arrears lists can be posted in council meeting minutes to draw attention to owing amounts and encourage owners to pay debts.
- It is important to keep owners informed of their outstanding debts. FirstService Residential maintains effective procedures for informing owners of owing amounts while keeping accurate arrears lists.
- Councils should be consistent and fair in how they address debt concerns amongst owners.
- Ultimately, it is Council’s decision as to how it chooses to proceed against individual owners with outstanding debts owing to the Strata Corporation.
- Filing liens early against the titles of strata units that are in debt to a Strata Corporation was recommended by our guest speakers.
- Only strata fees, interest, and special levies can be included in a lien amount. Items such as insurance deductibles and fines cannot be included in lien amounts as they are considered ‘allegations’, rather than established fees approved by all owners.
- Arrears accrued while a lien is filed can also be included in the lien amount itself.
- Liens allow the Strata Corporation to ‘jump the queue’ ahead of other creditors looking to collect debts from a particular owner.
- If the government files a lien against the title of a particular strata unit, this may prevent a Strata Corporation from being allowed to file its own lien against the same title.
- A lien is not an action. It is simply a claim on an owing debt. As such, filing a lien does not pause the limitation period.
Pursuing Claims in Court
- Liens are pursued through the Supreme Court of British Columbia.
- Pursuing a lien through the Supreme Court of British Columbia can be a relatively quick process. Initial court appearances can be scheduled in some cases as early as six weeks from when proper paperwork is filed and presented to the court.
- It is possible to collect legal costs associated with pursuing a lien in court. Awarded legal costs are not related to actual legal fees. Legal costs are awarded based on a tariff point system. The system assigns a dollar amount based on a total number of points accumulated from particular events and actions throughout litigation.
- Fine amounts are typically pursued in small claims court, where the amount is for $25,000 or less.
- The B.C. Government is exploring the development of a Civil Resolution Tribunal as an economical and efficient way for Strata Corporations and owners to address debts and grievances while avoiding lengthy and expensive court proceedings.