Getting to Know the Fundamental Roles and Responsibilities on Your HOA Board

Essential Roles on Your HOA BoardYour HOA board has five essential roles that need to be filled for your community to succeed. This dedicated board should consist of people who understand their roles and responsibilities. It’s important they commit to fair representation of the residents they are elected to serve. Built of volunteers, the board members share a common interest, the community they call home. They want to work together to ensure all residents are heard and common issues are addressed promptly.

To be fair to everyone, it's important that the HOA board approach the operation of their community as a business. It's their responsibility to protect all the owners' investments and interests. There are a variety of tasks that the board handles. These include maintenance of the common property, managing finances, and creating policies that promote harmony between everyone living in a close-knit environment.

To make this happen, the HOA board must meet often. They must set goals, interpret, and administer the local bylaws, and make decisions on behalf of their community. An effective board consists of members who respect each other and work together with a spirit of cooperation.

The board looks after a lot. To accomplish their responsibilities, five fundamental board roles need to be filled. Residents interested in running for the board must understand those roles and the responsibilities they include.  

Find out how we can help your board members bring their best to their role.

HOA Board Roles and Responsibilities

Being part of an HOA board is often an enriching experience. Regardless of your role, you get to be an active member of your community. You help bring positive change that impacts you, your community, and your neighbors.

Each of the key HOA board roles requires a particular skillset and are responsible for different tasks. So, which is the right position for you? Let's take a closer look at each role.


The HOA president is responsible for the successful operation of the community. They set the agenda and chair the Annual Meeting as well as all board meetings. In those meetings they work to maintain order and keep the discussion on track. The president is responsible for the daily execution of the HOA's business and is the primary board contact for the property manager.

Good communications skills are an asset for this role. They are often the board member that needs to mediate when disagreements between other members arise. In a board president, other beneficial qualities are fairness, openness, leadership skills, and being a team player. As the president, they must collaborate with a wide variety of people and personalities and can’t be afraid to delegate tasks.

Vice President

It's no surprise that the vice president takes over the president's duties in their absence. That doesn’t mean they sit idly by waiting for that day to come. The president is often juggling many tasks at once. To help lighten the load, the vice president will take on additional duties and responsibilities as needed.

A vice president should be flexible, organized, and have good time management skills. It’s this role that is most susceptible to looking different from day to day as they take on various projects.


HOA board meeting minute takingMinutes of an HOA are public documents, and because of this, the meeting minutes must be recorded accurately. The secretary's job is to document the proceedings of board meetings in minutes and distribute them to the board for approval. Once approved, they are made available by the management company for those who need them for various purposes, including real estate transactions, mortgages, insurance, and legal reasons.

It goes without saying that being a good listener is an essential quality for the person who decides to take on this role. Being responsible and organized is also a huge benefit.


The financial health of an HOA is of the utmost importance to all owners. No one wants to see the monthly contributions increase due to mismanagement of the funds. The treasurer is the board member most involved with preparing the budget draft, which is reviewed, adjusted, and approved by the board. It then falls to the treasurer to closely monitor the monthly financial reports provided by the management company. They need to ensure the expenditures align with the budgeted amounts. Realistic budgets and fiscal management are imperative.

While someone with an interest or even experience working with financials would be ideal for this role, it is not a requirement. Attention to detail is key when looking for someone to fill the treasurer position.

Property Manager

HOA board secretaryContracting a reputable, experienced property management company helps lighten the board's workload. The property manager is the board's link to the management company. They attend all board meetings and are an important resource for the board as they set policies, determine maintenance requirements, and manage the common property in compliance with the bylaws. The property manager implements the decisions of the condo board supported by an administrative team that includes an administrator, accountant, and full-service office.

There are numerous things you should look for when hiring a property manager. Still, the key is to make sure you as an HOA board know what your community needs so you can adequately articulate them to the property manager. The board and the property manager being on the same page about how to meet those needs will foster the right relationship to get things done effectively and efficiently.

The Needs of your HOA Board May Differ

Of course, there may be other areas of responsibility for your board depending upon the size and type of your community. Still, these are five essential HOA board roles you would typically find. In addition to these, there may be a need to monitor parking or pets, prepare newsletters or supervise third-party contractors. A clear understanding of the roles will contribute to well-functioning leadership for the corporation.

Elected board members will have a variety of skill sets and experience as volunteers. A partnership with a strong management company will provide the guidance and knowledge to support the HOA board as they fulfill their duties and accomplish their set goals.

For more information on how the right property management company can bring out the best of your board, contact FirstService Residential, North America's leading property management company.

Wednesday April 26, 2023